Jim Czuprynski has nearly four decades of professional experience in his career in information technology, serving diverse roles at several Fortune 1000 companies before becoming an Oracle DBA in 2001. He was awarded the status of Oracle ACE Director in March 2014 and is a sought-after public speaker on Oracle Database technology features, presenting often at Oracle OpenWorld, Oracle CODE, COLLABORATE, KSCOPE, Oracle Development Community tours, and Oracle User Group conferences on six continents. Jim has authored 150+ articles focused on facets of Oracle Database administration to his credit since 2003. He has also co-authored four books on Oracle database technology. Jim’s blog, Generally … It Depends (http://jimczuprynski.wordpress.com), contains his regular observations on all things Oracle and the state of the IT industry.